Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE), New Delhi has recently issued a teachers’ manual on CCE for class 9 and class 10. From the current session 2009-2010, this new scheme of (CCE) continuous and comprehensive evaluation is being implemented in class 9th and the same will be implemented in class 10th too from next session i.e. 2010-2011. CCE is a continuous and comprehensive evaluation that aimed at evaluating performance on the basis of end term examinations and on academics, co-curricular sports etc on a regular basis. In this new grading system, CBSE board will not conduct board exams for class 10 and the school authorities will be issued a certificate of school as per the guidelines given by CBSE board.

The proposed Certificate of School Based Assessment will be divided into three parts.

1. Part 1 will consist of Scholastic areas

The academic performance of the learner in the classes 9th and 10th will reflect in the form of grades and percentile rank. During a year, two terms have been suggested, term 1 from April to September and term 2 from October to March for classes 9th and class 10th. Each term will carry two formative and one summative assessment. The grading scale for scholastic domain will be a nine point scale based on direct grading.

2. Part 2 will comprise of co-scholastic areas which include Life-Skills and attitudes and values.

A five point grading scale for assessment in Life-Skills and a three point scale for assessment in attitudes and values have been proposed.

3. Part 3 consists of co-scholastic activities which include participation in Literary, Scientific, aesthetic and Club activities.

Under this head , second sub-section includes Health and Physical Education. It is proposed that students will access on a three point scale in all these areas.

Evaluation of Scholastic areas:- Each term will carry two Formative assessments and one Summative assessment for the evaluation of Scholastic areas.

Formative Assessment: Formative assessment is a tool that will be used by the teacher to continuously monitor student progress in a non-threatening as well as supportive environment. If used effectively, it can improve the performance of a student tremendously while raising the self esteem of the child and reducing the work load of the teacher. Some of the great features of Formative assessment are that it is diagnostic and remedial that provides effective feedback to students and allows for the active involvement of students in their own learning, enables teachers for adjusting teaching to take account of the results of assessment and recognizes the profound influence that assessment has on the motivation and self-esteem of students, both of which are crucial influences in learning. It is advisable that the school should not restrict the Formative assessment to only a paper-pencil test. There are other means of testing for e.g. through quizzes, interviews, conversations, visual testing, oral testing, projects, practicals and assignments. For the current year, there will be only two Formative assessments for Class IX for the (remaining) second term. It is advised that the Schools may conduct more than two such assessments and take the best two out of those. Assessments done periodically will be shown to the students or parents for encouraging continuous participatory improvement.

Summative Assessment: The Summative assessment is the terminal assessment of performance at the end of instruction. Under the end term Summative assessment, the students will be tested internally that will based on the following criteria:-

a) Curriculum and Syllabus for Classes IX will be the same as circulated by the CBSE Boardearlier.

b) The Summative assessment will be in the form of a pen-paper test that is conducted by the schoolsthemselves. It will be conducted at the end of each term.

c) In order to ensure standardization, and to ensure uniformity, the Question Banks in different subjects for generating question papers will be forwarded by the Board to schools in March 2010.

d) In order to cater to difference in the pace of responding, the Schools will give flexible timing to the students during end term Summative assessment.

e) For the current year, there will be only one term end Summative assessment for the (remaining) second term to be conducted in March 2010 for Class IX students.

f) Evaluation of answer scripts will be done by the school Teachers themselves on the basis of the Marking Scheme provided by the Board.

g) There will be random verification of the assessments procedures carried on by schools by the Board officials/nominees appointed by the Board.

The Weightage of Formative Assessment (FA) and Summative Assessment (SA) will be as follows:

Term Type of Assessment Percentage of weightage in Academic session Term – wise weightage Total

FIRST TERM (April – Sept.) Formative Assessment I 10% Formative Assessment-1+2=20% Formative = 40%

Summative = 60%

Total 100%

Formative Assessment 2 10%

Summative Assessment 1 20% Summative Assessment -1=20%

SECOND TERM (Oct. – March) Formative Assessment 3 10% Formative Assessment-3+4=20%

Formative Assessment 4 10%

Summative Assessment 2 40% Summative Assessment-2=40%

However, considering that CCE has been introduced in middle of the academic year, it will only be implemented for the second term for Class IX. The schools have the choice to implement one of the following for this academic year:

Choice Type of assessment Term/period to be considered Percentage of weightage Total

Choice 1 Formative assessment 1 Oct-March 20% 40% + 60% =100%

Formative assessment 2 20%

Summative assessment 1 60%

Choice 2 Internal Assessment-(already done for 1st & 2nd term in school) April-Sept (already conducted)10% 20% 20% + 20% + 10% + 10% + 40% = 100%

Half-yearly Examination-(already conducted in school) 20%

Formative assessment 1 Oct-March 10%

Formative assessment 2 10%

Summative assessment 2 40%

Grading System

Now, there will be nine grades for measuring Scholastic achievements . The highest will be A1 (exceptional) with a grade point of 10 and a marks range of 91-100%. Second grade will be A2 (excellent) with a grade point of 9 and marks in the range of 81-90%. Third grade will be B1 (very good) with grade point of 8 and a marks range of 71-80%.

The fourth grade will be B2 (good) with a grade point of 7 and marks range of 61-70%. Fifth grade will be C1 (fair) with grade point of 6 and marks range of 51-60%. C2 (average) will be the sixth grade with grade point of 5 and marks range of 41-50%. D (below average) will be the seventh grade with 4 grade points and marks range of 33-40%. E1 (needs improvement) and E2 (unsatisfactory) are the last two grades. Grading system based on continuous and comprehensive evaluation (CCE) will be done in two terms (April-September, October-March). In a year, the school will conduct four formative and two summative assessments.

In the first term, there will be two formative assessments of 10% each and single summative assessment of 20%. In the second term also a similar format will be adopted. Formative assessment will carry 40% marks and summative assessment 60% marks.CBSE also plans to offer an aptitude test that will be available by February 2010. By the time a student reaches Class XI, he/she would have undertaken the aptitude test twice, once at the end of Class IX and then at the end of Class X.

But since the grade system is being introduced in the middle of the academic session, students of Class IX — who will be the first batch not to take Class X board examination in 2011 — will have to go through two formative and one summative assessment in the October-March term in schools.

The nine point grading scale for measuring Scholastic achievements is reproduced below: –

Marks Range Grade Grade point

91-100 A1 10.0

81-90 A2 90

71-80 B1 8.0

61-70 B2 7.0

51-60 C1 6.0

41-50 C2 5.0

33-40 D 4.0

21-32 E1 C

00-20 E2 C

There are lots of features in Continuous and comprehensive evaluation too. The term Continual means the assessment of students in the beginning of instructions (placement evaluation) as well as assessment during the instructional process (formative evaluation) will be done informally by using multiple techniques of evaluation. This system will help teachers to organize the effective teaching strategies. Children can know what are their strengths and what are their weaknesses. CCE identifies the areas of aptitude and interest that helps in identifying changes in attitudes and value systems. With this system, students can make decisions for their future by choosing subjects, courses and careers.